Primary Health Care has been firmly established as a standard of public commitment to making community-driven, quality health care accessible, both physically and financially, for all. This commitment is largely the result of the landmark 1978 Declaration of Alma-Ata which clarified many of the political, technical, social, administrative and educational aspects of Primary Health Care.
Goal No. 3 of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals, which specifically focuses on access to quality healthcare and wellbeing, presents ambitious plans for universal health coverage for all by 2030. Accordingly, many countries have identified Universal Health Coverage (UHC) as the goal for their health systems, and Primary Healthcare is at the core of the strategy to achieving this. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Universal Health Coverage (UHC) as the desired performance of a successful healthcare system, whereby all people are provided with access to needed health services (including prevention, promotion, treatment, rehabilitation and palliation) of sufficient quality to be effective without causing financial hardship.